Short portrait of the District Government of Lower Franconia
District Government of Lower Franconia, one of seven District Governments in the Free State of Bavaria
Dr. Paul Beinhofer, President of the District Government
Jochen Lange, Vice-President of the District Government
Seat of the District Government
Würzburg, Peterplatz 9
29 sections in 5 ranges
attached supervision of trade
The District Government of Lower Franconia and its Functons within the State Structure
The Free State of Bavaria is subdivided into seven administrative Districts. With this area of 8531 km² and nearly 1,3 million inhabitants Lower Franconia is one of the smaller bavarian administrative districts.
Each administrative district of Bavaria is headed by a local Government constituting the median level in the three-tier Bavarian system of state administration. Like all other district Governments, the Government of Lower Franconia is subordinate to the Bavarian state ministries. At the same time it supervises a number of district administration departments, specialised services and local institutes of Lower Franconia.
The President of the administrative district's Government is the head of its public administration with a staff of nearly 680 employees, and is also the administrative principal of nearly 11,500 civil servants working in the Government's employ in 27 services and more than 500 schools.
The Government's main functions are:
- Co-ordination and consolidation,
- Law protection and enforcement,
Additionally, the Government is vested with various other powers, tasks and responsibilities.
Co-ordination and consolidation
The Government of Lower Franconia carries out tasks within the competence of nine ministries. Just as the various departments of the state and municipal government, the public offices and services under the district Government advocate many specific professional interests and standpoints that are often difficult to align. In this respect the Government's task is to weigh the various interests against each other, place them under one and the same umbrella, and reach a decision that is both prompt and rational.
In order to perform its duties in the field of co-ordination proficiently, the Government employs experts in about 20 different fields.
Employing available means of oversight, i.e.
- overall administrative supervision over the 31 public offices, and
- legal and specialised oversight over the 9 administrative counties ( Landkreise ), over the three cities enjoying county status and to a degree also over the 2 large county towns,
the Government must ensure that all public offices take their decisions in a like manner and in compliance with the law, and particularly where a decision has an impact exceeding an administrative county's or a town's limits that supraregional interests be also taken into account.
On the other hand, the Government must ensure that all administrative laws are equally enforced throughout the territory subject to its jurisdiction; where needed supraregional interests of the commonweal ought to be promoted and shielded against the sometimes powerful influence of local interests. The Government is in a position to accomplish this since it is an impartial professionally acting body of state administration, much less liable to pressure from local controversies and interests.
Law Protection and Enforcement
The administrative laws provide that, aside from some exceptions expressly stipulated therein, a superior institution within the administration shall be required to examine the lawfulness and expedience of any subordinate public office's administrative decision before an appeal against it is taken to the Administrative Court. This duty of the district Governments refers to decisions rendered by the administrative counties´ councils as well as by the municipal councils of the cities enjoying county status ( and to a degree also by the large county towns´ councils).
Every year some 2.600 protests are lodged with the Government whereon it is required to render a decision. Only a quarter of these protests end up in the Administrative Court.
A most important function of the Government is also taking decisions on the allocation of state subsidies and public funds. Every year more than 300 millions of Euro were spent for e.g. town halls, kindergartens, fire safety, scientific research, labour market funds, trade and commerce, road construction, public transport, social tasks and many other fields of state sponsorship.